Juxtaposition means combine in the obvious way

From Why start at x, y, z

In an expression, putting two things immediately next to each other usually means that they should be combined in some way. It's usually implicit that the combination operation should be clear from the context.


  • Multiplication: \(ab = a \times b\).
  • Function composition: \(fg(x) = f \circ g(x) = f(g(x))\).
  • Function application: \(\sin x\).
  • Group operation: when \(x,y \in G = (X,\star)\), \(xy = x \star y\).
  • A linear transformation: \(\mathrm{A}\mathbf{v}\). (I've never seen \(\mathrm{A} \times \mathbf{v}\) or \(\mathrm{A} \cdot \mathbf{v}\) for matrix-vector product)