The ! symbol is used to represent the factorial operation.
When a factorial appears inside a sentence, it's possible to misinterpret the ! as an exclamation mark:
"How many ways of ordering six objects are there?"
"There are 6!"
Two ! symbols together represent the double factorial, multiplying just the odd or even numbers. So juxtaposition doesn't represent composition here: \(x!! \neq (x!)!\)
A ! symbol on the left represents the number of derangements, or subfactorial. The order of precedence is not clear:
Does \(!n!\ = (!n)!\) or \(!(n!)\)?
Does \(a!b = (a!)b \) or \(a(!b)\)?
Does it make it clearer that a factorial is a present if you add another punctuation symbol after the ! symbol?
"There are 6!."
However, if you want to express surprise with an exclamation mark, it could look like a double factorial:
"There are 6!!"
Maybe ! should only be used for "factorial" in contexts that are unambiguously and clearly delimited mathematical notation, and the word "factorial" should be used in prose:
"There are 6 factorial."