# Function application without parentheses

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It's sometimes OK to write a function name followed by its argument, without any parentheses. Because there's there is no function application symbol, this can look like a multiplication.

This is an example of juxtaposition means combine in the obvious way.

This is most usually done with the trigonometric functions and logarithms, e.g.

$\sin \theta, \ln x$

So is it only OK to omit the parentheses for well-known functions? Or is it for any function whose name is longer than one letter? Christian Lawson-Perfect asked[1][2], and got mixed responses.

Some people interpret $$\sin(x)^2$$ to mean $$\sin(x^2)$$ rather than $$(\sin x)^2$$, even though $$f(x)^2$$ normally means $$(f(x))^2$$.

Deyan Ginev searched for occurrences of f x in arXiv papers[3] and found about 7,000 papers containing that pattern, containing a wide range of exotic uses. In a handful of which, "f x" was indeed a function application.

Clear statement of the "f x" shorthand, from arXiv:math/0201098